Geography and history


Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of the African continent. It is bordered by Guinea to the north, Liberia to the south and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The country has a total area of 71,740 sq km /27,699 sq mi, and quite diverse geographic features. The coastline features many swamps, estuaries and bays. The capital, Freetown, is situated on a peninsula on the third largest natural bay on the globe. The center of the country offers wide, rolling grasslands. Hills and mountains mark the eastern region, and the beginning of the central African plateau.

While much of the land is favorable for agriculture and livestock, Sierra Leone is also rich in mining resources. The country is one of the globe's prominent producers of diamonds, titanium, and gold.


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