New Haven is Connecticut's third-largest city, after Bridgeport and Hartford, the state capital. It is located on the coast of Long Island Sound, at the point where the West, Mill and Quinnipiac rivers flow into New Haven Harbor.
Originally the home of the Quinnipiack Native Americans, the land that would become New Haven was sold to puritan settlers in the mid-1630s. Its location on a harbor, and between the two larger cities of Boston and New York, led early inhabitants to count on an economy based on shipping, but that concept did not bear fruit.
In 1664 New Haven officially became part of the state of Connecticut, which it was co-capital of with Hartford until 1873 when Hartford became the sole capital city. The establishment of Yale University in 1717 would begin to shape New Haven as a 'college town' albeit with a university of high prestige.
Yale also affected the city's industry, which shifted so that more than half of the economy is now devoted to education, health care, and services. Yale University and Yale New Haven Hospital are two of the city's largest employers.
The city was planned around nine central square blocks with a common green. It boasts many excellent restaurants, including many authentic ethnic establishments run by immigrants from Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe, to name a few.
Museums, music, and nightlife all contribute to the vibrant offerings found in New Haven. Its proximity to New York and Boston, and accessibility of both coastal venues and mountains, make it a very convenient place for newcomers.