Even though there have been political challenges, the people of Kenya are proud of their national accomplishments and their cultural heritage.
Wildlife parks continue to be one of Kenya's main attractions and the unique appeal of African landscapes and wildlife bring a welcome influx of visitors to this country.
Kenya is a parliamentary republic with seven provinces and one area. The government is headed by a president elected for a five-year term. The president appoints a vice president and Council of Ministers from the membership of the National Assembly.
The National Assembly is made up of 224 members, 210 of which are elected for a five-year term, 12 appointed by the president, and two ex-officio members. The National Assembly has complete legislative power and approves all expenditures.
The legal system in Kenya is based on Kenyan statutory law, English Common Law, tribal law, and Islamic law. The judiciary is headed by a High Court consisting of a chief justice and at least 11 associate justices, all appointed by the president.
With Kenya's natural beauty, tourism has been Kenya's main foreign-exchange earner, but its economy is still based in the agriculture sector, where the majority of the workforce is employed. Its main crops are flowers, coffee, tea, and other horticultural products. Kenya's exportation of cotton and textiles has increased, and oil exploration has begun in the country.
Kenya's growth in recent years has been highly dependent on global investment and aid programs, which in turn are contingent upon government efforts to eradicate corruption. These efforts have been intermittently successful. IMF funding and other global assistance has been suspended on occasions when reforms have failed.
If Kenya is to avert economic decline, there must be continued donor support, foreign investment, and an end to corruption in various sectors. Rehabilitation of the aging infrastructure, especially the transportation system, is also essential.
The population of Kenya is one of the fastest growing in the world, nearly 2.3% in 2013, creating a very young demographic distribution with 42% of the population under the age of 15. Most of the population resides in the southern two thirds of the country, in rural towns and villages.
Despite periods of relative stability, the potential for violence and upheaval is always present in Kenya. This is due to tribal conflict, which is often synonymous with political conflict, and dramatic economic class disparity.
The standard of living is among the highest in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in the major cities, where about one and a half million people reside. However, the problem of feeding, sheltering, educating, and employing one of the fastest growing populations in the world is Kenya's greatest economic challenge.