The name Gibraltar comes from Tariks Mountain, named after Tariq-Ibn-Zayid, the Muslim conqueror that invaded the Iberian Peninsula in 711. Although Gibraltar is multi-ethnic and multi-religious, residents see themselves as having common culture based on history and territoriality, intermarriage, mutual tolerance, and their status as a British colony.
The distribution of its roughly 30,000 inhabitants is about 25,000 British Gibraltarians, 2,000 are other British citizens who are mainly military, and about 2,000 Moroccan workers. There are some Indian and Pakistani workers, and a small number of Russian citizens.
Gibraltar is a British self-governing colony. It has a Governor, who represents the Queen on the Rock, and is also the Commander-in Chief of the British Forces that are stationed there. The Government is comprised of the Chief Minister and seven other Ministers who are responsible for all internal matters, including trade, financial services, economic development, taxation, public works, housing, environmental affairs, education, transport, employment and health.
Established industries such as banking and insurance are still thriving in Gibraltar. However its newest industry, online gaming, has radically changed the employment and economic arena. Many of the companies involved in this industry, such as newly formed Bwin.Party digital entertainment company, 888 Holdings, Ladbrokes and Victor Chandler, are headquartered in the Rock.
The United Kingdom is responsible for defense and foreign affairs. Gibraltar is a full member of the EU, but because of a specific exemption does not have to levy a value added tax.
Gibraltar has an excellent lifestyle with an average of 300 days of sunshine per year, 60 top-class golf courses, and a wide range of sports which include tennis, sailing, polo, diving, shooting, horseback riding and skiing.
In addition, Andalucia's finest cities and resorts are within easy reach, as well as Morocco being just 1-1/2 hours away by ferry.